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Quest Means Business

Dow, S&P 500 Touch Intraday Record Highs; Leaders At Davos Say More Preparation Needed On AI; Lindner: German Economy Just Needs Some Coffee; Villeroy De Galhau: We Must Retain To Prepare For AI; Lagarde: Best Defense Against Trump Is A Strong Europe; Four Days Until New Hampshire's Republican Primary; Grand Jury Indicts Actor Alec Baldwin On Two Counts Of Involuntary Manslaughter; Netanyahu Argues Against Creation Of Palestinian State; Former Prime Minister Ehud Barak Calls For Fresh Elections; NBIM CEO Expects Returns To Be "Low For A Long Time". Aired 3-4p ET

Aired January 19, 2024 - 15:00:00   ET



RICHARD QUEST, CNN INTERNATIONAL HOST: We're an hour away from the end of trading. What's been a busy week for Wall Street, it is across the board.

And we've got the S&P 500 and the Dow all trading at all-time highs. Look at that, 1.5% up on the Nasdaq. So you're a strong performance on all three

of the major markets. We'll get into the reasons why in just a moment.

The events of the day that we are talking about, with today's rally, there was more street averages, are all up for the year as Steve Pagliuca from

Bain Capital will be with me to put perspective on it.

Israel's prime minister is facing growing calls for new elections. And the topic is sure at Davos. What more needs to be done to prepare the world for

AI? I asked, well, everyone.

Tonight, I'm live in London. It is Friday, January the 19th. I'm Richard Quest, and I mean business.

Good evening. Optimism is back on Wall Street and on Main Street, where we're seeing a sharp rebound in sentiment. I showed you at the beginning,

it's worth showing again.

US markets are at record highs. It was a rough start to the year, but they both touched intraday records. The best performance is on the Nasdaq, which

is up 1.5%. And in the real-world, University of Michigan's latest Consumer Sentiment Survey shows Americans are feeling much better about the economy.

That figure shot up 29% in the last two months.

Look at that graph, and you can see how inflation really beat the bejeebers out of the consumer. Now, it started and we're back up again quite sharply.

Their biggest jump in decades.

With me is Steve Pagliuca is a former chairman of Bain Capital. He's now senior adviser, also the co-owner of the Boston Celtics. He is with me now.

Good to see you, sir.


QUEST: So I'm not -- am I overstating this when I say that something's changed, there seems to be an optimism that wasn't there arguably for the

last three to six months?

PAGLIUCA: Yes, certainly. I just came back from the World Economic Forum, and people we're guardedly optimistic. You know, the interest rates seem to

be going down globally after the large rise, and so I think that's a big part of it. But there's still, I think, a lot of uncontrollable factors out

there. What happens to the war in Ukraine? How much does China continue to decouple with growing economies, and the energy transition.

So there's, certainly some imponderables out there that could affect the sentiment. But for right now, it's kind of everything is AI.

QUEST: We're going to be talking about that in just a moment because it's what I found and I need to hear your thoughts. What I found is that there's

a disconnect between the way up at Davos people were talking about AI, this great bonanza, which it will be for productivity. But then the IMF warning,

yes, which only be a bonanza for the developed world. The rest of the world hasn't got the technology or the wherewithal to be able to take advantage

of this.

PAGLIUCA: Well, I think this is reminiscent of the period in 1999 when the Internet first came out and people said the same kinds of things. I think

ultimately the technology will bubble throughout the world. This technology is just probably as powerful as the introduction of the internets. It's

kind of the next big thing.

I think we're early -- though people are -- I would say, companies and people are in the experimentation stage, AI is out there. It's working,

there's still some kinks. They're worried about illusions. They're worried about explainability if you get the wrong answers. And they've tried to

figure out where is the highest and best use of AI for our company.

And the company said, figure that out. It will be lower costs, and have more sales, and better products for consumers. So if there's kind of an

arms race in AI, right now, and I'm actively involved in a company called Liquid AI that is going to reduce the cost, we believe, by 90% to load a

model. So that could be revolutionary, and that could also help spur AI developing countries because you really can't afford to build a large

language model if it costs $500 million just in GPU, just in computer space ...


QUEST: Right.

PAGLIUCA: ... to kind of build that model.

QUEST: What's fascinating is the way in which you are investing in this which, of course, brings together not only AI, bioscience, universities,

the whole thing. It's almost as if private money, if you will -- forgive the bluntness of it -- but wealthy people like yourselves are picking up

the slack on this and leading the way.

PAGLIUCA: Yes, you're seeing a lot of activity. Certainly, I've been a big believer the way to move the world forward and both -- have make good

investments that do good for the world is to kind of have universities and the government, and the government, and business work together to exploit

these new industries for everybody. And certainly, a model that has just come out called Arena BioWorks is one that we've put together with people

like Jim Breyer, Michael Dell.

And it's a model that basically is going to allow us, I think, capitalize on the fact that the genome has been mapped for 20 years now. There's

supercomputing. There's AI. And we can bring out biotechnology therapeutics much quicker, much faster with this approach.

QUEST: Good to have you, Steve. I'm grateful to you. Thank you, as always. Now ...


QUEST: ... German markets had a rough start for the year. The Xetra Dax is down 1% year-to-date.

And Germany's economy is very sluggish. It's a very sluggish 2023, and the argument is what's going to happen in fall.

Well, the finance minister says all the country needs is one of these to get it back on its feet -- a good dose of coffee.


CHRISTIAN LINDNER, GERMAN FINANCE MINISTER: Germany is not a sick man. Germany is a tired man. After a short night and see low gross expectations

are probably a wake-up call, and now we have a good cup of coffee, which means structural reforms. And then we will be continuing to succeed



QUEST: But coffee can only take you so far. Germany's inflation has been coming down, but at a cost. Its economy contracted slightly last year.

The head of the central bank, the Bundesbank, said they'll soon be able to put those problems behind it. Joachim Nagel and I spoke in Davos, and he

says the country is doing its homework, preparing for the future.


JOACHIM NAGEL, PRESIDENT, BUNDESBANK: Germany is important for the European Union, for the world economy. The engine has some problems. This is for

sure, last year -0.3 when you're talking about GDP growth. This year, a little bit better. And then we are speeding up in 2025.

When Germany is doing its homework, I'm optimistic that we can get back to the role we had in the past.


NAGEL: The hot topic, yes.

QUEST: (Inaudible), it is. I mean, are you ...

NAGEL: And for central banks, yes?

QUEST: ... are you -- why? What would you -- what would you using AI for?

NAGEL: I mean, yea, for forecasting, for example. So we are just finding out what AI can do for central banks, but this is something we are

definitely look at.

QUEST: Do you worry that while you're finding out what it's doing, there's an entire industry out of there, you know, which starts at crypto and it

starts moving into everything else, and eventually, it's bigger than your ability to manage it?

NAGEL: I think AI is something like we saw in the past so many times. It's a new technology. And we should make the best out of it. This is my ...

QUEST: You're not worried?

NAGEL: Yes, there are some worries. Central banker, by nature, is a very rude person. But nevertheless, I would, more or less, see the positive

things that might come with AI.

QUEST: Choose your pen, sir.

NAGEL: I like the red color here.

QUEST: Where are you, sir?

NAGEL: I'm going a little bit more to the middle. I would put myself here.


NAGEL: I think we are ...

QUEST: And do you want to (inaudible) ...

NAGEL: Yes, AI is something -- this is for all of us. And so, I would put something here, like, classified as a public good.

Public good means that there's a responsibility to really not put it into the right channels. And then I guess, we can have a lot of out of AI, but

there are some dangerous aspects, and we have to save crowd everyone that is dangerous aspects could not, more or less, dominate the whole

development process of AI.

QUEST: Actually, brave of you.

NAGEL: Yes, central bankers operate.


QUEST: At least he laughed along with me when I said they were brave. Brave central bankers, now that's a thought for you.

Here's another brave central banker, Francois Villeroy de Galhau. You got, oh, he leads the Banque de France. Annual consumer prices in France rose

more than 4% in December. It's not what you want to see, but the brave central banker is optimistic.



FRANCOIS VILLEROY DE GALHAU, GOVERNOR, BANK OF FRANCE: If I had a message for all our European governments, including the French one, we are probably

coming out of the economic emergency. Take COVID, inflation, bottlenecks, et cetera.

We are -- when I look at the cyclical situation in a better situation, disinflation, and slowing down over activity, but without recession. It's

one reason we're coming out of the short-term and addressing all the long- term challenges we have in France and Europe over indebtedness, full employment, and, yes, innovation. We must accelerate on innovation and

capital markets union.

QUEST: Choose your color.


QUEST: Oh, well done, well done. Now, as a society, ready for AI. It's coming, whether we like it or not. Don't get me wrong.


QUEST: The genie is out the bottle, but where do you think society are in terms of preparations? Where are we between dangerously unprepared and

nailed it?

VILLEROY DE GALHAU: So I will answer as a European.


VILLEROY DE GALHAU: I would probably say ...

QUEST: That's very ...

VILLEROY DE GALHAU: Yes, there. One failed, one failed.

QUEST: ... that's very optimistic.

VILLEROY DE GALHAU: Also, I'm more optimistic.

QUEST: (Inaudible).

VILLEROY DE GALHAU: No, we are more on the side of necessary preparation.

QUEST: Right.

VILLEROY DE GALHAU: But if I look at the world, which is probably another possible answer ...


VILLEROY DE GALHAU: ... if I take the European case, we are strong on ethics ...

QUEST: Right, (inaudible).

VILLEROY DE GALHAU: ... (inaudible) digital services.


VILLEROY DE GALHAU: But for me is the number one challenge is one which I don't see yet ...

QUEST: Please.

VILLEROY DE GALHAU: ... which is retraining. And we will succeed in -- sorry, I ...

QUEST: Ah, fine, don't worry.

VILLEROY DE GALHAU: ... I write it.

QUEST: I'll tidy it up. Thank you.

VILLEROY DE GALHAU: I write it, we will succeed if we are able to retrain millions and millions of people. I think it's a (inaudible) for

productivity, for growth, for purchasing power, but we will have to retrain people.

QUEST: The IMF talked about this in its recent report, 40% of jobs, they say, will be affected in some shape or form. Now, tell me, sir ...

VILLEROY DE GALHAU: Including central bank governors, by the way, part of these speeches could be written by AI, a small part.

QUEST: Have you tried it?

VILLEROY DE GALHAU: Not yet, not yet.

QUEST: Come on. I bet somebody in your office has written a speech, just see what it looks like.

VILLEROY DE GALHAU: Not that I'm aware of. I didn't notice it.

QUEST: All right. So let me ask you, why should I be confident that we will spend the necessary money for retraining when we singularly failed millions

of people in digitization?

VILLEROY DE GALHAU: Yes, I would be less pessimistic. When I look -- when I take the long view on history, we trained millions and millions of people,

for example, from agriculture to industry and then services, but it will be a challenge.

And so, education, retraining is the number one answer. You are right. So genius is out of the battles, and I think it's a positive genius. It's

technological progress. So we will not stop it, but how can we prepare people to use it and to have the benefits of AI.

By the way, if you look at Europe, we are quite strong in public services, solidarity, fighting, inequality. So we could have disadvantage, but it's

not yet done.


QUEST: There you have two examples of central bankers who not only are optimistic, but also speaking plain English that we can all understand. And

at the same time, another bigger, arguably central bank and Europe's most powerful has her eye on the US election. Christine Lagarde doesn't usually

comment on politics, but this week in Davos, she was speaking about the threat of a second Trump term. And Davos, she said Europe must be strong at

home to withstand any turbulence from the White House.


CHRISTINE LAGARDE, PRESIDENT, EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK: The best defensive -- that's the way we want to look at it -- is attack. And to attack properly,

you need to be strong at home. So being strong means having a strong deep market, having a real single market. And we should be expecting some

suggestions by Enrico Letta, former prime minister of Italy, who is in- charge of producing this report on how we can deepen and improve the functioning of that single market, which is a huge economic zone in the

world, but which is not completely a single market. Yet, as many CEOs, I'm sure, experience on a daily basis.


QUEST: That's Christine Lagarde. Now, only four days until New Hampshire's Republican primary, then voters will choose their pick for the presidential

nominee, Donald Trump dominates, and Nikki Haley is in second place. These were the numbers before Vivek Ramaswamy and Chris Christie pulled out. So

you have to allocate those votes accordingly.

The campaign has been notable for its lack of campaigning events have been lighter compared to previous election, and Donald Trump hasn't debated so

far. Here's what Nikki Haley is saying today about the lack of Trump debate.



NIKKI HALEY, PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: There are multiple instances that we need to start asking Donald Trump the questions and stop taking what he's

saying to be golden. The fact that Donald Trump is lying, it's another reason why he won't debate me because he knows I'll call him out on it.


QUEST: Omar Jimenez is in Manchester, New Hampshire, where it's cold. I'm familiar with that cold having been in Davos. Keep your hats on.

The reality is Nikki Haley is taking on Donald Trump in a way, but she's not going out to the ethics business. She's not going after it in the way

that Chris Christie was.

OMAR JIMENEZ, CNN CORRESPONDENT: And that's really the big question here. When Chris Christie dropped out, in particular, I was at that event, and I

talked to a lot of his supporters because, of course, we were asking the question, okay, what's next? And some of them we're already saying, all

right, I'm going to go over to Nikki Haley.

But the ones that were hesitating, basically, said they didn't think she was going after Trump as directly as she should, and as you mentioned, as

directly as Chris Christie did. The interesting thing that we saw yesterday was she really did, for the first time, start laying out those very

targeted attacks against Trump. To quote her at one of her events yesterday, she said, who lost the House of Representatives, who lost the

Senate, and who lost the White House? Trump, Trump Trump.

And now it was sort of the theme of her comments yesterday. And again, that really marked a shift here. You also mentioned that former President Trump

has not debated at all. Last night, we were supposed to see a debate at this venue behind me, here in Manchester, but Nikki Haley made the decision

to say, well, if Trump's not going to debate and he's the person I'm supposed to beat, I'm not going to debate unless it's him or if she becomes

a nominee and debates Joe Biden.

QUEST: Right.

JIMENEZ: Last thing I'll mention is Ron DeSantis, who, of course, has not pulled as well here in New Hampshire, has scaled back his campaign a little

bit in the state, but he hasn't disappeared. Just behind me, he's getting ready to hold a press event at, again, the venue of this debate. And we

suspect he'll be criticizing not just former President Trump and Nikki Haley for not showing up at this venue to debate him since he was the only

one that agreed to it.

QUEST: Okay. So briefly, the votes for -- from Christie and Vivek, where are they likely to go? Bearing in mind what you've just said, who is the --

I mean, between Haley -- well, Vivek probably will go to Trump arguably since he's been -- he's (inaudible). But for Christie, do they go more

Haley or do they go more DeSantis or do they stay at home?

JIMENEZ: So that is -- just simply I would say that those votes were -- will most likely go to Nikki Haley. And there was actually polling data

that said that asked Christie supporters, who is your second choice, and 65% of them said Nikki Haley. And that was before Chris Christie dropped

out of the race. So clearly, they might be more inclined now. Vivek has already endorsed former President Trump, so he's likely to go there.

A major new endorsement we got is former presidential candidate in South Carolina, Senator Tim Scott. We expect to endorse former President Trump

tonight at a rally, which, of course, is pretty big since Nikki Haley's home state is South Carolina, so this is sort of coming from within her

state. There a lot of dynamics to watch this. You know, we're just days away now.

QUEST: Excellent. Keep warm, and we'll talk more about it.

It is QUEST MEANS BUSINESS. Coming up, Israel's prime minister is facing growing pressure at home and calls for early elections from within his own

war cabinet.



QUEST: The actor, Alec Baldwin is facing new charges in connection with the shooting and the death on the Rust movie set. The grand jury in the state

of New Mexico indicted him on two counts of involuntary manslaughter. Halyna Hutchins was killed on the set. It happened in 2021 when a live

round was fired from a prop gun that Baldwin was holding.

Now, Josh Campbell is with me. So I read sort of this involuntary manslaughter, the difference, but why have they decided to go again, they

had to go once before and the charges were dropped. So I suppose, in a nutshell, what's changed?

JOSH CAMPBELL, CNN SECURITY CORRESPONDENT: Well, Richard, if viewers watching are wondering why this sounds familiar, this is the second time

that actor Alec Baldwin has been charged. And I'll walk through the time line. We're still waiting for the major question to be answered. You just

mentioned why now. But we do know that it wasn't surprising that a grand jury was considering whether to bring additional charges.

Now, just to remind viewers, back in October 2021, there was this movie that was being filmed in the US state of New Mexico. Alec Baldwin was one

of the actors. He was holding a weapon that went off, ultimately, killing cinematographer Halyna Hutchins.

Now, authorities conducted an investigation after that, ultimately, determining that prosecutors believe Alec Baldwin himself was criminally

culpable for being the person holding that gun when it went off.

Interestingly, charges were then dropped. Prosecutors said that there was a question that came to light regarding a piece of evidence in that case.

law enforcement source told me that was the gun itself. There was a question about whether it had been modified at some point, but authorities,

at the time, said that should additional information come to light that causes us to then want to file charges, we will do so. And they did just


These two counts that you mentioned, I have the indictment here. We just got in from officials in New Mexico. Count one, involuntary manslaughter,

the negligent use of a firearm. Count two, involuntary manslaughter without due caution or circumspection. These charges is very similar to the earlier

set of charges.

I want to play a clip here. This was from my exclusive interview with the first prosecutor in this case who is describing what investigators found on

the set of that movie and why they ultimately decided to charge the actor. Have a listen.


MARY CARMACK-ALTWIES, NEW MEXICO FIRST JUDICIAL DA: There was such a lack of safety and safety standards on that set, that there were live rounds on

set. They were mixed in with regular dummy rounds. Nobody was checking those or at least they weren't checking them consistently. And then they

somehow got loaded into a gun, handed off to Alec Baldwin. He didn't check it. He didn't do any of the things that he was supposed to do to make sure

that he was safe or that anyone around him was safe. And then he pointed the gun at Halyna Hutchins and he pulled the trigger.


CAMPBELL: Now, it's important to point out that Alec Baldwin all along has maintained his innocence. He said that he never pulled the trigger on that

gun. We got a statement in a short time ago, Richard, from his attorneys saying just very briefly the statements saying they look forward to their

day in court.

Finally, if he is actually convicted of these charges, he will only be sentenced as to one of these charges. But if convicted, faces up to 18

months in prison and a $5,000 fine -- Richard.

QUEST: Thank you for bringing us up-to-date on that.

Back in Davos, have you mentioned AI? Well, it was everywhere. We've been asking our guests whether or not we are prepared for the AI tsunami that is

coming our way. The final results in a moment.


Israel's prime minister is facing public criticism from within his own cabinet over his handling of the war. Gadi Eisenkot said the country had

failed in bringing the hostages home. A goal he said should have been the highest priority. And he also said, it's unrealistic to fully defeat Hamas

and called for fresh elections.

The Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is rejecting calls for Palestinian state, saying Palestinians sovereignty would clash with the security of



BENJAMIN NETANYAHU, ISRAEL PRIME MINISTER (through translator): The state of Israel must control the security of all the land, which is west of the

Jordan River. That is a truth that I'm saying to our friends, the Americans. And I've also blocked an attempt to force upon us a reality,

which will hurt the security of Israel. The prime minister in Israel must be able to say no even to the closest of our friends.


QUEST: Now Nic Robertson is with me. He's in Tel Aviv. Good evening to you tonight. Nic, let's start, first of all, with these criticisms within the -

- from within the war cabinet. Was it inevitable that eventually, you know, that this was going to happen, because this war cabinet is a real

hodgepodge of different political views thrown together specifically for the wall?

NIC ROBERTSON, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Yes, but it's a pretty small cabinet and it's managed to keep unity. But I think you have

respected middle of the road politicians like Gadi Eisenkot, who was -- Eisenkot who was the former IDF chief. He's a military man.

He knows what he's talking about the military. And he's given Netanyahu's plan a time to run, he's given it an opportunity.


But he said, look, it's time for Netanyahu to level with the people in the country that you cannot have this military victory.

Plus, if you want to get the hostages back in the near term, then you're going to have to cut a deal. So here's the military realist here within

this small war cabinet, and he's saying, look, we need to have the trust of the people. So let's talk about having an election by this summer.

And then you've got former Prime Minister Ehud Barak, he's not in government now. But it's a voice people here listen to saying the same

thing, we need to have elections by June this year. Let's set that sort of deadline.

Ehud saying the reason is giving for it is pretty similar to what Gadi Eisenkot is saying, that Netanyahu's failure to look at the day after this

-- the plan of the United States if you will, a potential regional partners, that Netanyahu is rejecting the two state solution to bring about

lasting stability.

Barak is saying, look, this is unconscionable that the prime minister is not setting out a day after the war in Gaza scenario when the war's over,

he said, it's a Gaza quagmire here right now, you can get drawn into deeper conflict with Hezbollah in Lebanon in the north. Drawn into deeper conflict

in the West Bank, you're alienating your allies like the United States, you're making it harder for IDF to fight on the ground.

So, yes, there is an inevitability about this, because the founding premise of the war in Gaza was that Hamas could be defeated militarily. And

eventually the generals who know how to fight, who are not doing the fighting now, by the way, isn't quite as lost not only as son in the war in

Gaza, but his nephew as well as standing up and saying, let's get real with the people. That was inevitable in a way.

QUEST: Nic Robertson, grateful to you, Sir, thank you.

Returning to our top story and U.S. markets are reaching for new record highs at the moment. Excuse me, the -- both the Dow and the S&P 500 have

crossed in today's highs earlier on, and the best gain -- excuse me. The best gains of the day are being seen on the NASDAQ, which is up 1.5


The head of Norges Bank Investment Management tells me recent market optimism may be misplaced. Now, you have to -- not just any old bank. This

is Norway's $1.5 trillion sovereign wealth fund. It's the largest single investor in the stock market.

And I asked Nicolai Tangen how ongoing geopolitical and economic issues are shaping the investment landscape.


NICOLAI TANGEN, CEO, NORGES BANK INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT: I think returns are going to be very low for a long time. I think it's very going -- it's going

to be very difficult to make money. I think rates will be slow to come down. I think inflation will be difficult to kill off and we are seeing

wage increases in many parts of the world. We're seeing the climate impacting inflation now, we're seeing it on transport routes being

impacted. Geopolitics, not great.

So, it doesn't look particularly good.

QUEST: So, for somebody like yourself running the sovereign fund, in a sense, that's not a crisis, because you're talking about the 30, 50 year

horizon. But you've got to keep the investment portfolios, valuation and returns up. How can you do that in low environments?

TANGEN: Well, we have some great teams who are picking stocks, we are trying to find companies which can, you know, win even in -- even in a low

growth environment.

And so -- and then you just have to be there for the long term, because you just never know when the returns will come.

QUEST: What about this, which, of course the fund has done, moving into other areas of investment? I was amazed to discover you own half of Regent


TANGEN: Well, we own a quarter of Regent Street. But we do have some fantastic properties around the world, in America, in Europe, and so on.

QUEST: So, what would you move into? I mean, would you move on to crypto? Would you move -- would you move into other areas, investment, assets, with

a view to gaining return -- greater return?

TANGEN: Well, we are not moving into crypto. But there is a discussion in a way whether we should be able to open up for investments in private equity.

So that's an ongoing discussion just now.

QUEST: A.I., you said recently, that A.I. was playing a factor or would play a greater factor in your investment, abilities and mechanisms. What

did you mean?

TANGEN: I think A.I. is one of the really positive things happening now because it's really driving efficiency gains in the world.

And, you know, I thought perhaps you could increase efficiency in the -- in the front by 10 percent.

Now, we have -- we have a podcast, I interview the top leaders in the world. I had Sam Altman on the podcast, I asked him, hey, what do you

think? Do you think we can improve efficiency by 10 percent? And he was thinking, you know, a lot.

And then he said, you know what, I think you can increase efficiency by 20 percent. So, that's really good. So now I go around the firm, I ask

everybody, hey, how are you going to improve your efficiency by 20 percent? Now, how are you going to improve your efficiency by 20 percent?


QUEST: Well, yes, it's not just about improving efficiency by 20 percent. It's about using A.I. to improve.

TANGEN: Absolutely.

QUEST: So, how does A.I. help you improve efficiency by 20 percent? Well, 10 percent, or whatever. What do you physically do?

TANGEN: Well, we use it for a lot of different things. We use it -- we have -- we use it for various algorithms in terms of how we deploy capital. We

use it to reduce trading, it can kind of predict what the trading patterns are going to be. So we can net off more internally, those kinds of things.

QUEST: And the $64,000 question, as they used to say, which shows my age, are you seeing those percentage returns yet as a result of A.I. that you

can quantify?

TANGEN: I think it's difficult to quantify efficiency in an organization, but we are seeing some signs that things are moving faster.

QUEST: I'm not sure what that answer says. I mean, you're not going to tell me.

TANGEN: Of course, we're going to tell you, we're just seeing it in a lot of different places in small things, you know?

QUEST: I want you to choose a color.


QUEST: Choose a color.


QUEST: That's a very bold statement.


QUEST: Right. Where are you on the ready for A.I.? We already had one guest. He says dangerously unprepared to society.

TANGEN: You mean, we as a society or?

QUEST: As a society or across all the --

TANGEN: I think we are pretty -- you know, I think we're pretty ready. I think we're pretty ready.

QUEST: Really?


QUEST: In all its extremes?

TANGEN: No. I mean, we are ready in some ways, and then, you know, we may not be completely ready here.

QUEST: Right. Which one of these would you check is going to be the biggest problem?

TANGEN: Well, you know what, I think we are -- I think we are acutely aware --

QUEST: Or you can write your own.

TANGEN: But you know what, I think we're acutely aware of the ethical questions regarding it. I think the big question for me is what is it going

to do in terms of inequality?

You know, in theory, it's going to give expertise to people who haven't had it in the past. But I'm just not so sure that's the way it's going to work.

I think -- I think perhaps if you are not I.T. savvy, you will not really apply A.I. in the way you should be. So, I'm just not so sure it's going to

be great for gold.

QUEST: Thank you very much.

TANGEN: Thank you.


QUEST: Now, throughout the week, we've heard from our guests in Davos on how prepared they think we are. And you can see the final board trying to

make sense of that.

Most thing there is more work to be done, whether it's training, ethics or inequality. And it's been fascinating as the week went on to be blunt, how

people move more and more to the right coalescing, but it's not often we see such an even spread when we ask this question.

So, in the end, there are quite a few people who are quite optimistic.

I'm Richard Quest with A.I. Alex. And together, we mean business.


URSULA VON DER LEYEN, PRESIDENT, EUROPEAN COMMISSION: Risk must be polarization in society, which I don't see here.

QUEST: Well, then, write it.

VON DER LEYEN: Oh, my God.

QUEST: That's it.

VON DER LEYEN: Polarization, you are giving me a task.

BRIAN MOYNIHAN, CEO, BANK OF AMERICA: I think we're here because it has such unusual promise.


MOYNIHAN: And so unprepared, not in a negative sense that we don't understand what it can do yet.

JENS STOLTENBERG, NATO SECRETARY GENERAL: So, I think there's something like that.

QUEST: Oh, much closer to the middle.

STOLTENBERG: Yes. But I think we actually work hard on it.

KISA SOARES, CNN ANCHOR: Keep going. Keep going. Keep going, a bit more, around there.

VINCENT CLERC, CEO, MAERSK: I think we have yet to see exactly all the potential of the technology. And I don't think we're really prepared for

all of this.


QUEST: Right.

PLENKOVIC: I would agree with whoever was somewhere here. I would put it here. I would really put it in the middle.

QUEST: You go ahead.

PLENKOVIC: That's just very boring.

CATHERINE MACGREGOR, CEO, ENGIE: I probably add another one which is the FOGI. Have you heard that one?

QUEST: What?

MACGREGOR: I didn't make it up. I heard that one. I like it, fear of getting in.

DARA KHOSROWSHAHI, CEO, UBER: I would say we think we're somewhere over here. But I'm much more of an optimist. So, I would say that we are here.

And hopefully if we do our -- we do our job, we move over.

FRANCOIS VILLEROY DE GALHAU, GOVERNOR, BANK OF FRANCE: I would say as a European, I would probably say there. One firm.

QUEST: That's very optimistic.

VILLEROY DE GALHAU: I'm not optimistic.

QUEST: To me.



DAVID CAMERON, BRITISH FOREIGN SECRETARY: The Prime Minister who of course held the first big A.I. Summit. So, I think we got to be a bit further this

side on that side.

So, I think somewhere in the middle of that green hole.

QUEST: What's with the risks? How about something good? Why can't that be something good? How about -- how about this?


We can be more efficient, we can be good, it can be positive, the world can be positive. It's good. A.I. is good.


QUEST: If you're watching closely, you may have noticed a trend amongst our guests. Putting aside for a moment any of their thoughts, it really is a

question of when I asked them what color they would want. They really all went for blue.


QUEST: Choose your color. Choose a color. Choose your color. Decide a color. Choose your color. Choose your color.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The color can only be blue.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I've got to go with blue.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I pick Edelman blue. I think the blue one.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It's the color of Greece.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Because it's European.

QUEST: It's everybody's color.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes, I think the colorful part.

QUEST: Yours and everybody else's.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Blue and blackwell (PH).

QUEST: Oh, I see. (INAUDIBLE) Make sure it's safe.


QUEST: It's amazing. Everybody went for blue and they all said it was out of the color of their country, that party, that company, their brand, their

life, their whatever, it was all blue.

And that's QUEST MEANS BUSINESS. I'll be back at the top of the hour. Together, we'll make it float in time for the closing bell. It's no red or

blue. It's all green in the markets. Marketplace Asia is next, look at that. Wow. Off to the races.



QUEST: Hello, I'm Richard Quest. Together, let's have a dash to the closing bell just about 90 seconds from now.

The S&P 500 is set to close at a record high for the first time since January 2022. The Dow is up more than 400 points, was, just come back just

a tad but it's heading towards a fresh record.

We're seeing green all the way around, the NASDAQ is gaining 1.5 percent, 246 points over, 15,000. The Dow components are also brilliant. If you

look, Travelers is at the top, and in fact all the texts were doing fairly strongly.

Interestingly, health staples like P&G, Coca-Cola, they are the laggards. Apple is now taking pre-orders for its Vision Pro headset. United

Healthcare is at the bottom of the pile today.

It's been a very busy week, one way or another. But that is the dash to the closing bell on a week that soars in Davos and now of course has records in

the market.


Whatever you're up to in the hours ahead, I do hope it's profitable. The closing bell is ringing. "THE LEAD WITH JAKE TAPPER" starts now. I'll see

you on Monday.