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Scotland Votes Against Independence; Chinese and Indian Officials Meet in New Delhi to Agree on Economic Cooperation; Being Optimistic Helps People Stay Healthy

Aired September 22, 2014 - 04:00   ET


CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Get your passports. This Monday we are hoping from Southern Asia to Europe, back to Southeast Asia starting our commercial-

free coverage in Afghanistan. The war-torn nation has a new leader. Actually, two of them. The election was in June. But neither Asraf Ghani

Ahmadzai nor Abdullah Abdullah came out the clear winner. So, after months of disputing who should lead, the two announced on Sunday, they formed a

unity government, in which they`d share power.

Ghani will be Afghanistan`s president. Abdullah will be its chief executive officer. This comes at a crucial time for Afghanistan. The

Taliban who used to rule the country have been fighting to regain control of it, and U.S. and NATO troops who`ve been helping fight back against the

Taliban are moving out leaving more security to the Afghan people in their new government.

Meanwhile in Europe, major political question for Scottish voters last week, should Scotland be independent from United Kingdom?


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This is a once and for all decision. If Scotland votes "yes", the U.K. will split and we will go our separate ways forever.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We waited a long time for this. So, it`s really quite exciting. And I`m going to (INAUDIBLE) because I`ll get the result at 8:00

in the morning.

MARY PITCAITHLY, CHIEF COUNTING OFFICER: The majority of valid votes cast yesterday by the people of Scotland in response to the referendum question

should Scotland be an independent country were in favor of "No."


ALISTAIR DARLING, BETTER TOGETHER LEADER: Today is a momentous result for Scotland and also for United Kingdom as a whole.

DAVID CAMERON, BRITISH PRIME MINISTER: The people of Scotland have spoken and it is a clear result.

ALEX SALMOND, SCOTTISH FIRST MINISTER: Scotland has by majority decided not at this stage to become an independent country. I accept that verdict

of the people and I call on all of Scotland to follow suit in accepting the democratic verdict of the people of Scotland.


AZUZ: At about 15,000 feet above sea level, in a Himalayan mountains, there is a border in dispute between the world`s two most populated

countries. It`s called the line of actual control, and it`s where Chinese troops and Indian troops have faced off since the two nations fought a war

in 1962. The line of actual control is a hang up between India and China today. Even during a meeting between the two countries, leaders over the

weekend, India built up its troop numbers at the disputed border as the show of force. One thing India wants is for China to help define where

exactly the border should be. Made things kind of awkward, because the meeting in New Delhi was focused on cooperation and trade.


SUMNIMA UDAS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Contest of the century: Chinese dragon versus the Indian tiger. For years, comparing the two Asian giants seemed

inevitable. But China`s economy has far outstripped that of India`s, and despite the obvious rivalry, the world`s two most populous nations are

working to find a common cause.

China and India fought a brief war in the early `60s, and a 3500 kilometer long Himalayan border remains disputed and heavily guarded on both sides.

And let`s say China`s growing influence in neighboring countries like Pakistan and Sri-Lanka irks India while India`s relationships with

Beijing`s rivals, Japan and Vietnam bothers China.

But one area both seemed to agree on. Boosting bilateral trade, which currently stands at $65 billion. At a summit this year for leaders of

emerging economies, Chinese President Xi Jinping said, quote, "If China and India speak in one voice, the whole world will listen. If the two

countries join hand in hand the world will watch closely.

Beijing is expected to pledge billions of dollars investing in industrial parks and helping India modernize its railways.

Officials on all sides say international relations need not be a zero sum game. Narendra Modi appears to be taking that to heart embracing friends

and foes alike.



ROGER GOODELL, NFL COMMISSIONER: At our best, the NFL sets an example that makes a positive difference. Unfortunately, over the past several weeks we

have seen all too much of the NFL doing wrong. That starts with me.

I said this before, back in August 28, and I say it again now. I got it wrong in the handling of the Ray Rice matter. And I`m sorry for that. I

got it wrong in a number of levels, from the process that I led to the decision that I reached. But now I will get it right and do whatever is

necessary to accomplish that.


AZUZ: The commissioner of the National Football League talking about the issue of domestic violence. You heard him mention Ray Rice. Two weeks ago

we reported on how the Baltimore Ravens` running back was suspended from the NFL after video surfaces showing him hitting his fiancee at a hotel.

The problem for the NFL is that`s not the only example of domestic abuse. A recent article in Sports Illustrated said 14 other professional football

players have been arrested over the past two years for alleged violence against women. The NFL and specifically commissioner Goodell have taken a

lot of criticism for how they`ve handles the issue. Some say they`ve waited too long to address it. Some say they`ve been weak in their

punishments. There have been calls for Goodell to resign. He says he`s staying put focused on his job and that the NFL has a lot of work to do as

it implements a new policy that mandates all NFL players and staff be trained on how to prevent domestic abuse.

We had more than 3600 roll call requests this weekend. Today schools take us from the Northeast to Midwest to South. Williamstown, Vermont, home of

the Blue Devils of Williamstown Middle High School. Tipton, Iowa. We`ve got the Tigers roaring at Tipton Middle School. And Lafayette, Alabama,

great to see the Bulldogs at Lafayette High School.

All right, besides getting on roll call, what would make you happy? A new phone, money, an A in this class? There`s nothing about happiness in the

U.S. Constitution, but there`s in the Declaration of Independence that one of our certain unalienable rights is the pursuit of happiness. It seems to

some extent how happy and positive we are, starts with our mindset.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Happiness isn`t just a pleasant thing you feel. Science proves it`s much deeper than that. Feeling happy actually helps

you live a longer healthier live, but how? For large part of our happiness is tied to our social connections. In fact, if you don`t have at least one

close friend, you are less likely to be happy. Each of us has these things called telomeres. Those are tiny caps on our DNA chromosomes that measure

our cellular age, and it turns out, they also measure how many friends we have.

No friends equals shorter telomeres. So by simply being social you can actually slow down your biological age, living longer and happier.

Time for a pop quiz, is this glass half empty or half full? If you said half full, you are on your way to feeling happier and healthier. A Harvard

study found that optimists are 50 percent less likely to have heart disease or heart attack or stroke. Keeping an overall optimistic attitude actually

offers protection against cardiovascular disease.

Science doesn`t fare as well for pessimists. They not only have lower levels of happiness compared to optimists, but research shows that people

with negative thoughts are three times as likely to develop health problems as they age. So, what do you do if you are not a naturally happy person?

Well, expert say the key is to act as though you are an optimist, even if you are not.

Before we go, a type of media that`s hitting streets all over Europe, somewhere between urban art, graffiti and pop art, is 3D street

advertising. It looks awesome, but it`s not just there to look awesome. It`s to create a scene out of chalk in a high traffic area, and then use

viral video and social media to attract attention to it. The goal of all that is to drive that attention and foot traffic to a business nearby.

Of course, you`d have to drop on some pretty talented artist who can picture a photogenic production and then three design it into a concrete

idea. It`s not for the paint of heart, you`ve got to chalk it up some well-grounded skill and imagination. I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS.