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Global Space Race Appears To Heat Up; Companies Try To Prevent Expired Groceries From Reaching Landfills; A Woman In Need Gets A New Home For The Holidays. Aired 4-4:10a ET

Aired December 07, 2021 - 04:00:00   ET


CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: Hi, I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to the show. Yes. That`s a partial quote from a U.S. Senator who was asked recently if

America is a new space race with China. Neither of those countries was the first to reach space with a satellite. That feat was accomplished by the

Soviet Union in 1957.

Four years later, that same country also launched the first person into space, Yuri Gagarin in 1961. But in the years that followed, the United

States eventually outpaced the USSR and historians say America effectively won the first space race by putting two men on the moon in 1969. Since

then, the U.S. has been the global leader in space exploration and development, but China as you`ll see in just a minute is taking steps to

catch up.

General David Thompson, who heads up the U.S. Space Force, says China is moving twice as fast to develop its capabilities in space, and he says the

Asian country could surpass America there by the end of the decade. Is all this space exploration worthwhile? There`s been a debate going on about

that for years. Supporters say investigating other planets and galaxies teaches us more about our own, and encourages the development of new

technologies to solve problems.

Opponents say deep space missions carry too much risk, and bring too little benefit to people on Earth to justify the amount of money and time spent on

them. In the past, that money came through government investment using taxpayer funds. More recently, privately funded space efforts have gotten

off the ground. And regardless of how people may feel about space exploration, the efforts to push it onward and upward are expanding in

several parts of the world.



ISA SOARES, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Lifting off from the satellite launch center in the Gobi Desert, China rocketed three astronauts towards

the country`s new space station. The crew will now live and work there for 183 days. It`s China`s longest mission yet, and a major step in the

country`s young space program quickly become one of the worlds most advanced.

Though China arrived late to space exploration, the government has been investing billions of dollars in its advancement. In the past three years,

Chinese missions have brought rock samples from the moon back to Earth for the first time in 40 years. Successfully landed an exploratory rover on the

far side of the moon, and then one on Mars.

They were only the second country to do so. The United States unsurprisingly came first. But America`s cosmological dominance could soon

be challenged by China, as well as other space ambitious nations. As its space program expands, the United Arab Emirates also reached Mars earlier

this year, though their mission didn`t touch the surface.

The UAE scientific satellite began orbiting the red planet in February. The country also plans to send an uncrewed to the moon in 2024. India hopes to

do the same later this year, or in 2022. After a failed attempt in 2019, the country has been inching towards a new date for the unmanned lunar


India`s prime minister also encouraging the private sector to help the country`s space ambitions following the U.S. in a pivot towards

commercializing space. Another with lunar ambitions is the European Space Agency, which is working to develop a moon lander. The ESA also has probes

currently exploring the solar system. Still a player in space, Russia is planning a collaborative asteroid mission, joining forces with China for a

robotic probe set for 2024. They are also hoping to launch an automatic lunar station in July of next year.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Touch down confirmed.

SOARES: And in a first, both for space and cinema, a Russian film crew returned to Earth after shooting scenes on the International Space Station

for the first ever movie partly filmed in space. As a whole however, Russia`s space program has dwindled from decades ago when the Soviet Union

launched the first satellite into space. In the meantime, Russia`s former space rival has grown more ambitious. (Inaudible) has sent five rovers to

explore the surface of Mars.

Just launched a 12-year mission to explore asteroids and says it will soon land the first woman and first person of color on the moon. As advancements

unfold, the space race is much changed from its former stand-off era. Now mixing contests with collaboration. Take a look at the crew on the

International Space Station, astronauts from the United States, Japan, Belarus, France and Russia. High above geopolitics, a truly international

cooperation at the helm of humanities next frontier. Isa Soares, CNN.


AZUZ: 10 Second Trivia. Which of these grocery store chains is the oldest? Albertsons, Piggly Wiggly, Safeway or Kroger. In 1883, Barney Kroger opened

his first store in Ohio and it`s the oldest chain on this list.

His motto, never sell anything you would not want yourself. But one challenge facing every grocery store is how to sell the meats, fruits and

veggies that are close to their expiration of sell by dates. No one benefits when these foods are thrown out, but grocery store`s efforts to

discount them haven`t always worked and some attempts to sell, so called, "ugly produce" which may have bruises or blemishes but is still good to eat

hasn`t work either.

There are several companies working to fix this but they have their limits. For the application you`re about to see, you can`t find everything you need

at a discount, only what the store has available and listed. And some users have reported getting moldy or soft produce through the app, but it could

be one step in reducing food waste.


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Not all of the food that`s grown, harvested and sold in markets or restaurants wind up on someone`s plate. In the U.S., up to 40

percent of the food supply is thrown out. Most of it will make it`s way to landfills, where it eventually rots emitting methane. A gas more than 25

times as potent as CO2 when it comes to trapping heat and atmosphere.

JOSH DOMINGUES, CEO AND FOUNDER OF FLASHFOOD: If the international food rates were a country, it would be the third leading cause of greenhouse gas

emissions behind the U.S. and China.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Some of the waste comes from grocery stores, where unsold food often ends up in the dumpster. Around the world, grocery stores

throw out an estimated 133 million tons of food every year.

DOMINGUES: The average store throws anywhere from, like, $5,000 to $10,000 worth of food every day.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Canadian start-up Flashfood wants to change that. Working with supermarkets, the company sells groceries that are approaching

their sell by date before they`re thrown out. To attract customers, Flashfood marks items down by as much as 50 percent, savings that could

really add up.

DOMINGUES: Some of our top shoppers have saved tens of thousands of dollars.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Shoppers use an app to see what items are available to them at nearby stores. The most commonly found products according to the

company are fruit, vegetables, meat and seafood, typically one to two days from their sell by dates but still fresh and perfectly good to eat.

DOMINGUES: We`re actually dictating what people are going to have for dinner based on what`s available through the Flashfood app. It almost

becomes this treasure hunt for the (inaudible) stores and seeing what`s available and seeing what deal they can get.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The groceries can be picked up from a Flashfood locker like this one, located at a Giant supermarket in central Pennsylvania. One

of the 1,200 locations the company is in across Canada and the U.S.

NICHOLAS BERTRAM, PRESIDENT AND CEO OF GIANT: Groceries forever have always marked product down whenever it`s getting close to the expiration date, but

what you aren`t able to do is really catalogue it and put it out in a way where customers can see what`s fresh today. Flashfood was quite innovative

in putting all of that in one app where customers are able to see the different variety.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The Giant company has deployed Flashfood in all of its 187 grocery stores in the U.S.

BERTRAM: Year to date, we`ve diverted 700,000 pounds from food recycling or landfills.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Overall Flashfood says it`s diverted more than 30 million pounds of food that would have ended up in landfills, saving

customers $90 million at the same time and has plans to continue its expansion.

DOMINGUES: We`re willing to work with any partners, in any capacity as we continue scaling (ph). This is a big problem and it takes a village to

solve and we`re open and excited to continue to do that across America.


AZUZ: For 10 out of 10, there`s no place like a new home for the holidays. Ebony Johnson and Suzanne Burke (ph) had a common bond, donuts. Johnson

worked at the Dunkin` Donuts where Burke regularly saw her at the drive- thru. They got to become friends. But when Johnson lost her home because of financial problems, Burke contacted local organizations, a furniture bank

and a designer who all worked together to provide a fully furnished home for Johnson and her family.

Sounds like a good seasonal story, "donut". An old-fashioned friendship can make anyone "jelly". You can "glazed" on them as the "cream of the cream",

and chalk a lot of good outcomes to it because "berry" few things are sweeter.

With hazelnuts roasting over an open fire and Jack Frost nipping at our noses, there`s nothing like a warm donut whether you like to "dunk `em" or

prefer the "Kreme Krispy" to bring people together. Our You Tube Channel has brought a lot of us together. We are looking at you Winfield High

School in Winfield, Kansas. Thank you for you request. For CNN 10, I`m Carl Azuz.