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China`s Space Agency and Their Exploration; The Brewing Clash on Campus Between AI Chatbots and Professors; 276 Cat Expressions. Aired 4- 4:10a ET
Aired November 06, 2023 - 04:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
COY WIRE, CNN 10 ANCHOR: Hello, sunshine. Hope you had a wonderful weekend. I`m Coy Wire. This is CNN 10. Let`s get our minds right this
motivation Monday. New week`s bring new opportunities, but we only have seven Mondays left this year. Can you believe? So, let`s make the most of
them. We`ve got the best 10 minutes in news for you. And we start with the latest news regarding space. We`re getting a rare look inside of one of
China`s space centers. For two decades, just the United States and the Soviet Union we`re in competition to see who could be the first to conquer
space. The whole world watch as the Apollo 11 landed and human beings walked on the moon for the first time.
But now more than 50 years later, a new competition for space exploration has emerged with more countries involved as well, including China and
India. China is now in a race with the U.S. to set a permanent outpost and research station on the moon. The Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in the
Gobi Desert is one of the places that China is pursuing its future in space. And CNN`s Marc Stewart takes us there to get an inside, look and
check out the launch of a Chinese spacecraft.
MARC STEWART, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): China has big ambitions in space. It operates a space station, has sent rovers to the far
side of the Moon and Mars, and is now aiming to put humans on the lunar surface. Those voyages begin in the middle of the Gobi Desert in Northern
China. After two flights in about four hours on the bus, we arrive at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center.
Access to the Space Center here is rare, and it is sprawling. There are so many buildings, so many streets. It`s very reminiscent of a small city or
town. We`re here to witness the launch of the Shenzhou-17 spacecraft. From behind glass, we met its crew of three that are headed to China`s space
station. Since 2011, the U.S. government has effectively banned NASA from working with China in space, contributing to a 21st Century space race with
two super powers, both aiming for the moon and beyond. Through its Artemis program, NASA is aiming to set up a permanent lunar outpost later this
decade and China is aiming to set up a lunar research station on a similar timeframe.
(On camera): Are there any benefits from this competitive environment?
ZHANG WANXIN, SENIOR OFFICIAL, CHINA ASTRONAUT RESEARCH AND TRAINING CENTER (through translator): I think a competitive environment can help us all
improve. Exploring space is the common goal for all mankind. So I think if we can work together, it will improve space exploration.
STEWART: Chinese officials, stress they`ve never sought dominance in space. Yet once the international space station is retired by 2031 China`s
Tiangong space station may take on new prominence.
(On camera): If China, for a period of time is the only nation with a space station, how does China benefit?
LEROY CHIAO, FORMER ISS COMMANDER, NASA: If they`re the only game in town, that`s the only way that these countries can participate in human space
STEWART: Russia, as well as some commercial space companies have space station proposals in the works, but success for any of them is far from
guaranteed. China`s space program is a huge source of national pride. We talked to China`s first astronaut.
YANG LIWEI, CHINA`S FIRST ASTRONAUT IN SPACE (through translator): Looking at this launch as a veteran, the first thing I see is how far China`s man`s
space flight has come. Over the past 20 years, it has developed rapidly and made great achievements in them. I see the strength of our reserve force.
And the hope for the future development of China`s aerospace industry.
(On camera): We are just minutes away from liftoff. You can see the rocket back there. This is part of this bigger mission to maintain and expand
China`s space station.
(Voice-over): With each mission, China can learn more and continue to challenge what has been a long stretch of U.S. dominant in space.
WIRE: This winter, parts of the United States will be seeing lots of snow stack of. Thanks to a strong El Nino, the weather pattern in tropical
Pacific that typically brings weather and cooler weather scientists at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA have created maps
to help people prepare.
The maps show snowfall during all El Nino winters and during moderate to strong El Nino winters. And this one, that shows the number of years with
below average snowfall during the 13 moderate to strong El Nino winters.
These maps though give a sense of what we might expect. They`re more like historical guides, not crystal ball forecast for the upcoming snow season.
This El Nino though is predicted to be the most powerful. The contiguous United States has seen in eight years when it caused the warmest winter on
record, while every El Nino winter is unique, it usually brings wetter and cooler conditions to the Southern U.S., and dryer warmer weather up north.
And that`s exactly what`s on the horizon for this winter.
Ten second trivia.
Which of these college degrees is considered the highest level of academic degree?
Master`s, Associate, Doctoral, or bachelor`s?
Just with the doctor order, the doctoral degree is the most advanced diploma symbolizing a person has mastered a specific area of study. This
year, we`ve talked about the growing influence potential and emerging concerns of the impact of artificial intelligence across many industries.
But what about education? It`s a question many college campuses are dealing with AI chatbots, programs that generate text. They`ve raised new questions
for many educators who are focused on students, not only getting the right answer, but also understanding the course material.
A survey of college students earlier this year showed more than 51% believe using AI tools to complete assignments and exams is cheating. While
plagiarism and cheating are not a new phenomenon in academia, these new tools have created a more complex environment and administrations are
struggling to set new ground rules. Should these tools be banned or is there a way that they could be used responsibly?
The landscape is changing. There have been numerous cases of students being caught and punished for using AI. And there are also cases of students
saying they`ve been falsely accused of using the technology inappropriately. The response by professors has been varied with some
ignoring the new technology, some banning it and others are changing the way they format their exams. Some are switching back to written papers
after many years of digital only. But how easy is it to spot AI content?
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
DARREN HICK, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF PHILOSOPHY, FURMAN UNIVERSITY: Why are you doing this?
STEVEN KELTS, LECTURER, PRINCETON UNIVERSITY: We`re still going to know.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: These college professors say, students are increasingly cutting and pasting AI generated text in their essays, and
that is cheating. These professors say they`re not falling for it. And there are often three extremely obvious giveaways. Number one, the essay is
HICK: A ChatGPT generated essay looks like it was written by a very competent 12th grader.
CHRISTOPHER BARTEL, PROFESSOR OF PHILOSOPHY, APPALACHIAN STATE UNIVERSITY: AI generated text has no mistakes. It`s like robotically, bland text.
Nobody would actually speak that way.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Another giveaway, the essay has no human voice.
KELTS: The built-in voice of a model like ChatGPT is the voice of a 50- year-old compliance lawyer.
SARAH ELAINE EATON, ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR OF EDUCATION, UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY: It seems to lack vibrancy. There`s not a lot of authentic student
voice or experience in there.
BARTEL: An AI generated text feels like an essay that`s written by an intelligent person who has never had a class with me.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And third, AI essays often cite false research.
HICK: Perhaps the biggest thing that a ChatGPT generated essay can do is shake the instructor`s own confidence in what they know about the source
BARTEL: It will just make things up. It will attribute ideas to people that could never have had those ideas.
ANTONY AUMANN, PROFESSOR OF PHILOSOPHY, NORTHERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY: It`ll combine perfect grammar with something that`s like, obviously false.
PENELOPE ADAMS MOON, CENTER FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING DIRECTOR, UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON: It can`t distinguish between fact and fiction. It can`t
distinguish between information and disinformation.
HICK: It will look like it`s quoting and it will look like it`s citing. But if those sources don`t look familiar to you, there`s a good chance.
This is written by AI.
WIRE: All right, you ever wonder, what`s behind your feline friends, furry faces? Today`s story getting a 10 out of 10 is all about expressions of
cattitude. Scientists observe 53 cats interacting at a cat cafe in California. Over a 10-month span, the study found that domesticated cats
have 276 different facial expressions. They determine that about 45% of those expressions were friendly, good kitty, while 37% were aggressive.
The study demonstrates the cat communication is more complex than previously assumed. And apparently cats are a meowtain of emotions and
their feelings are kitten all over their faces.
Look how cats because we have some bulldogs to shoutout. Dunbar High School in Lexington, Kentucky, rise up. And we are also sending love to Tecumseh,
Oklahoma, Tecumseh Middle School, shine bright this motivation Monday. You never know when, you never know how or for whom, but you are going to be
the light that someone needs one day. I`m Coy Wire and we are CNN 10.