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SpaceX Launches a Second Test Flight of the Most Powerful Rocket Ever Built; New Delhi, Top of the List of the Most Polluted Cities in the World Last Week; Why You`re Seeing More $50 Bills. Aired 4-4:10a ET

Aired November 20, 2023 - 04:00   ET


COY WIRE, CNN 10 ANCHOR: What`s up sunshine. Hope you had an awesome weekend. I`m Coy Wire. This is CNN 10, the best 10 minutes in news because

of you. It`s November 20th. And we start today with the perfect story for this motivation Monday. You know, American inventor, Thomas Edison once

said, "Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is always to try just one more time."

And here`s a good example of one company that`s not given up. SpaceX`s Starship spacecraft sat atop the most powerful rocket ever built. And it

lifted off on Saturday morning from Boca Chica, Texas, but not everything went according to play. The deep space rocket mission ended early with an

explosion and a loss of signal several minutes after liftoff. SpaceX, the company that made the 232-foot-tall rocket and the spacecraft spent months

rebuilding them after a previous explosive initial launch, back in April.

The root cause of the Starship rocket`s failure this time around wasn`t immediately clear. SpaceX said in a test like this, success comes from what

they learn and they can learn how to build a better rocket more quickly by flying and occasionally exploding early prototypes rather than only relying

on ground testing and computer modeling. For more on the launch in SpaceX`s bigger goal for Starship to carry up to 100 humans to Mars, here`s CNN`s

Kristin Fisher.


KRISTIN FISHER, CNN SPACE AND DEFENSE CORRESPONDENT: Engineers at SpaceX will spend the next several days and weeks pouring over all of this data,

trying to figure out what exactly went wrong. But this is what SpaceX likes to do. They like to push their rockets and their spacecrafts all the way to

the point of failure, because that`s how they learn. They`ve done that with all of their older, successful rockets and spacecrafts, and now they`re

trying to do it with Starship, the biggest, most powerful rocket to ever fly. And someday, the ultimate goal is for this rocket to allow and carry

up to 100 humans to the surface of Mars and ultimately colonize Mars and make humanity multi-planetary. That`s the goal.

But first, SpaceX has to get this thing up into orbit. And the test flight on Saturday was a success in that 33 engines did fire, all of them. The

launch pad survived. There was successful stage separation between the booster and the spacecraft on top. And it did make it up far past where it

flew on its first failed flight test back in April. It made it all the way up to the edge of space. But then something happened, and that`s why this

test flight was also a failure. There were two explosions. Both the booster and the spacecraft exploded after separating, and the spacecraft, if all

had gone according to plan, was supposed to make almost a complete lap of planet Earth and then splash down in the Pacific Ocean. That is what`s

characterized as a mishap by the FAA. They are now investigating a mishap with SpaceX. It`s an investigation that SpaceX will lead, but it`s now

unclear exactly how long that will take before SpaceX is given the green light to fly again.

But NASA Administrator Bill Nelson, who needs the Starship spacecraft in order to land NASA astronauts on the surface of the moon as part of its

Artemis program, congratulated SpaceX yesterday and said that Saturday`s test flight was a sign of real progress.


WIRE: For our next story, let`s go to New Delhi, the capital of India, which was ranked the world`s most polluted city last week by the tech

company IQAir, which tracks air quality around the globe. Primary schools were forced to close. Road traffic was restricted and construction was put

on hold because of a dense smog over New Delhi. CNN`s Vedika Sud has more.


VEDIKA SUD, CNN REPORTER: What you see around me is a thick, dense layer of pollution. The air outside is so toxic that even with a mask on, I can

taste it. If you`re out for too long, the eyes begin to burn and the throat hurts. Around this time, every year, this smog shrouds India`s capital city

obscuring the skyline and putting more than 20 million people at risk.

On a bad day, New Delhi`s pollution levels are nearly 80 times the limit recommended by the World Health Organization. So why is Delhi one of the

most polluted cities in the world? One major factor is crop burning, which can be better understood from above. Satellite images shared by NASA show

thousands of fire set by farmers over the last few weeks in Delhi`s neighboring states. They do this annually to clear the fields after harvest

for the next year`s crops. That`s from roads and construction sites, vehicle emissions and industrial pollution are also major contributors to

Delhi`s toxic care.

As winter approaches, the cold air acts as a blanket covering the ground trapping air pollutants. And as for the geography, deli is a landlord city,

limiting options to flush out polluted air. With multiple causes and no one solution, this pollution crisis will not be easy to solve.


WIRE: Did you know that among jellyfish, there is one species that may be immortal. When threatened sick or old, these jellyfish start to create

younger versions of themselves that will grow up into an adult identical version. I`m a little bit jellous. how about you? Well, a jellyfish boom is

now happening in the U.K. and Ireland, according to the Marine Conservation Society, we asked its data expert Angus Jackson, to explain the why.


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: There`s a jellyfish boom in the U.K. and Ireland, according to a new report. The Marine conservation society has revealed a

32% increase in jellyfish sightings compared to last year. The charity`s annual report is based on data sent in by the public. Those sightings are

then analyzed for interesting patterns, such as changes in species or long- term trends in population sizes. So what`s behind the rise of jellyfish sightings?

DR. ANGUS JACKSON, SEASEARCH DATA OFFICER: As waters warm in springtime, jellyfish start to grow and reproduce. And when the conditions are really

good, when the water`s warm, when there`s lots of food available, that reproduction can happen really very, very quickly. Under those conditions,

the numbers of jellyfish at sea can get to be very large. If that coincide with storms or onshore winds, these blooms of jellyfish are blown in

towards the coast where they accumulate and appear even more dense. If the public happened to be there at that time, that`s when there are more and

more observations.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: This year, ocean temperatures have reached record levels with some parts experiencing intense and unprecedented heat waves,

but experts say we can`t solely attribute the jellyfish boom to climate change.

JACKSON: Whether we can say the large numbers this year are a consequence of climate change, I wouldn`t want to do that simply because there are so

many other variables that contribute to that large reproduction if we see increasing temperatures into the future, it wouldn`t be surprising if the

numbers are jellyfish increased as a consequence.


WIRE: Ten second trivia.

For U.S. currency, who is pictured on the $50 bill?

Ulysses S. Grant, Benjamin Franklin, Andrew Jackson, or Alexander Hamilton?

Answer is the 18th President of the United States, Ulysses S. Grant. That`s the $50 dude.

The United States government printed a record number of $50 bills last year. Did you know? And it has nothing to do with inflation when the money

supply grows and the currency begins losing its purchasing power. What happened with this somewhat unpopular denomination is the federal reserve

discovered that during the pandemic people started hoarding cash and it`s easier to squirrel away, bigger bills.

So the Fed ordered a big uptick in fifties and printed more than 750 million of them. That was the highest total in 40 years. Before the

pandemic, the $50 bill had been one of the rarest bills, perhaps one reason there`s an old superstition that because President Ulysses S. Grant is on

the face of this denomination and he notoriously went bankrupt, perhaps the bills are jinx. But some other reasons people might avoid them are because

these bills sometimes get confused with $5 bills. And a lot of stores don`t even accept bills larger than a 20.

For today`s story getting a 10 out of 10, Australian surfer, Laura Enever breaking a world record, riding a giant wave. You got to check this out.

The wave she faced was over 43 feet or 13 meters high, no other female surfer had ever even paddled into a wave that large. Laura`s feet has now

been certified by Guinness World Records and the World Surf League. That`s a swell achievement. Well done.

That`s it for the first of our two shows this week. After tomorrow`s show, we`re going to take a small break for Thanksgiving and be right back here

with you next week. We had so many inspiring stories about resilience today. We hope they lifted you up, up, up.

It is shout out time now. Shout out to Mill Pond School in Westboro, Massachusetts, keep shining, superstars. And shout out to Rooftop Middle

School in San Francisco, California, rise up. See you tomorrow lovely people. I`m Coy Wire and we are CNN 10.