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Why the U.S.-Japan Summit is a Historic Turning Point Between Long- Time Allies; CSU`s Tropical Forecast Predicts `Extremely Active` Hurricane Season. Aired 4-4:10a ET

Aired April 10, 2024 - 04:00   ET


COY WIRE, CNN 10 ANCHOR: What`s up friends? I`m Coy here in Arizona where UConn was crowned NCAA champions in men`s basketball. So congratulations to

the Huskies and we have to give a huge shout out to South Carolina who rocked it out in the women`s tournament. Rise Up.

Today is #YourWordWednesday so listen to see if your vocab word made it into this show.

First up we start in our nation`s capital Washington D.C. where President Joe Biden is prepping for an important meeting with the leader of Japan,

Prime Minister Fumio Kishida. The main issue on the agenda, strengthening the military alliance between the U.S. and Japan. Japan is widely

considered the most important ally for the U.S. in Asia. The U.S. has military bases all over Japan and coming out of this summit, the U.S. and

Japan will change some rules that Biden and Kishida say will help the two countries work together better.

Japan and the U.S. are also discussing how to better design and possibly produce military and defense hardware together. Why do the countries want

to strengthen their bond? Well, they face many of the same threats, chief amongst them, China. The U.S. and Japan say they`re concerned about China

and Russia recently strengthening their relationship and that China has expanded its military presence in the Asia pacific region, which could

potentially endanger Taiwan.

You may remember last week we talked about how China says it owns Taiwan, but Taiwan sees itself as independent. That has caused tension in the

region. And Taiwan is only 62 miles from Japan`s southern coast. North Korea`s nuclear arsenal, the war in Ukraine and the war in Gaza are also

major concerns for both countries.


HANAKO MONTGOMERY, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): The world at a historic turning point, Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida tells me ahead of his

summit with U.S. President Joe Biden this week. The longtime partners will upgrade their defense relationship to the next level in the backdrop of

mounting international security challenges.

FUMIO KISHIDA, JAPANESE PRIME MINISTER (through translator): In our neighborhood, there are countries that are developing ballistic missiles

and nuclear weapons and others that are building up the defense capabilities in an opaque way. Also, there is a unilateral attempt to

change the status quo by force in both the East China Sea and South China Sea.

MONTGOMERY: Kishida says soaring geopolitical tensions forced Japan long a pacifist country to change its defense posture, moves not seen since World

War II. Under his leadership, Japan plans to boost its defense spending to 2% of its GDP by 2027 and purchase weapons, including U.S. made Tomahawk

cruise missiles acquiring counterstrike capabilities for the first time in decades.

(On camera): So if Japan has a security pact with the United States, why does it need counterstrike capabilities?

KISHIDA (through translator): Missile related technology is evolving year by year. As missiles become more sophisticated, Japan must constantly

consider what kind of technology is needed to protect the lives and livelihood of its citizens.

MONTGOMERY: Following the U.S.-Japan summit, the two nations will convene with the Philippines, the first trilateral meeting of its kind to address

rising security threats from North Korea weapons testing and aggression in the South China Sea.

The U.S. and Japan, an enduring bond confronts its pivotal moment as a volatile world seeks to unravel their global sway. Hanako Montgomery, CNN



WIRE: Ten second trivia.

Which one of these categories is considered a worst-case scenario when it comes to hurricanes? Category 3, Category 1, Category 5, or Category 4?

Correct answer is Category 5. Meteorologists use a scale called the Saffir- Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale to classify hurricanes into categories one through five. Categories three to five are considered major hurricanes, but

a category five is catastrophic.

Next up, this coming hurricane season may be less than ideal. That`s according to Colorado State University. The school has been putting out

yearly forecast since 1995, and they say this year they`re predicting more hurricanes and major storms than ever coming out of the Atlantic Ocean.

The university says that from June through November, there could be 23 big storms, including 11 hurricanes and five category three or higher major

hurricanes. These storms are likely to hit the eastern part of the U.S. and the Caribbean.

In the typical season, there are 14 big storms, including seven hurricanes. A big reason for more hurricanes this year is a weather phenomenon known as

La Nina, which basically means that the temperature of the surface water is cooler than normal in a particular area, and certain wind patterns are

stronger in that same area. Unfortunately, that combination creates the ideal conditions for some major storms.


CHAD MYERS, CNN METEOROLOGIST: Well, indeed, our water temperatures here in the Atlantic are 3 to 5 degrees warmer than they should be at this time of

year, indicative of really late April, not early April. And so our hurricane season will likely start earlier than usually more active season

changing to La Nina. And I`ll tell you what that means in a second. And obviously the warm ocean temperatures from the record-breaking year of 2023


So Colorado State 23, 11, and 5. Those are the numbers for storms with names, hurricanes and majors.

Now, last year they had 13, 6, and 2, and it turned out to be 20, 7, and 3. So they`re not overestimating in April just in case. What they see is what

they get here in the warm temperatures with an early start, maybe a late end. That`s how we get to these numbers here.

Landfall anywhere across the U.S. is never a certainty. And even this year, with all of those storms in the water, we`re still only about 63% on

average right now, compared to what we should be in the 40s for any landfall hurricane for any given season. Of course, across the Gulf Coast

here to a 42% chance of something in the Gulf getting to major category. That doesn`t mean that storms aren`t going to landfall. It just means it

was a major storm making landfall there.

So what does La Nina do? Well, kind of the opposite of what El Nino did last year. El Nino made a lot of disturbances here. A lot of what we call

sheer in the atmosphere. Well, now the jet stream is going to be farther to the north, and that means that there`s going to be less sheer. Less sheer

down here means the storms aren`t going to be torn apart. If you have storms that aren`t torn apart, you`re going to get more storms to continue.

And so, therefore, more storms forming and more storms moving up toward the West.


WIRE: For our next story, we`re talking cameras. They`re everywhere. They`re on our phones, on our tablets, in our cars, on street corners. It`s

like there`s some Machiavellian plan out there to capture our every single move. And now we have the camera the size of a car. That`s right, the

biggest digital camera ever. It`s called the LSST Camera. It has three billion pixels, a five-foot-wide optical lens, and it took scientists at

the SLAC National Accelerator Lab nearly two decades to build it.

The camera will be installed at an observatory in Chile, where it will take a series of photos of the southern skies. Each photo will take 15 seconds

to snap. That may sound like a long time to take one photo, but it`s the best way to make sure the camera is capturing as much detailed information

in the deep, dark solar system as possible.

Then, every three days, scientists will take all those photos and stitch them together to make a huge, detailed image. Over the course of 10 years,

the camera will generate over 1000 of these large, detailed photos of the sky.

Scientists will then analyze and compare these images to understand how our galaxy was formed, how the universe is expanding and what exactly is dark

matter, which is a substance that scientists believe exists in outer space, but don`t know for sure.

Today`s story getting a 10 out of 10, we go from photos of the sky to the animals that occupy it, birds. Well, in this case, parrots. Researchers

have been studying how parrots interact with touch screens. The reason? They may want to develop apps to entertain them. You see, parrots are very

smart creatures, and the concern is that if you keep them cooped up as pets, they could get bored. So what do people like to do if they get bored?

Games, apps.

This is all coming from a recent paper written by researchers at Northeastern University`s Interact Animal Lab in the University of

Glasgow`s Animal Computer Interaction Lab. So if you get a Snapchat from Polly who wants a cracker, you`ll know why.

All right, superstars, congrats to Mr. Rosvalley`s class at Weston Middle in Weston, Connecticut, for submitting our vocab word of the day,

"Machiavellian," an adjective meaning to be cunning, scheming and unscrupulous. Great job, explorers. And thanks for watching our show every


For today`s shout out, we are showing some love to Forest Park Middle School in Franklin, Wisconsin. Wildcats, rise up.

And how about a shout out to Ida B. Wells Middle School in Washington, D.C. We see you wolves. Have an awesome day, everyone. And I`ll see you right

back here tomorrow on the 10.